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Bruce Leybourne: Geometry of Earth’s Endogenous Electrical Energy — Geophysical Evidence | EU2016

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Geometry of Earth’s Endogenous Electrical
Energy ― Geographical Evidence Good morning! It’s nice to be here
today to discuss the continuing effects of the
Electric Universe concepts. The title of my presentation ‘Geometry of Earth’s Endogenous Electrical
Energy ― Geophysical Evidence’.. Endogenous is just
for internal origin, it’s the term that that means, it’s not a very familiar term. I wanted to kind of
give you a overview of what I’m going to try to
present in this presentation. I’m trying to develop some geometry
to understand a conceptual framework to comprehend some of these
Electrical Universe concepts and first I want to show some basic alert circuits
tied to platonic solids. It’s an artistic approach
inspired by Frank Chester, also include a Wikipedia
version for thoroughness, a little geometric progression and then I relate it to a
classical physics approach of the general Cowling’s
Dynamo Theorem and then I try to weave
that into real-world examples to decipher some relationships
of this internal energy and then I try to relate that to earthquakes,
lightning, hurricanes, climate change and show you the interrelationships of
how it’s tied to that on our planet. I don’t get into the solar activity
relationships this year but last year if you saw The Earth As
A Stellar Transformer, that’s where I tied the
solar activity into this but I’m not gonna
focus on that today. Well, here we go. The geophysical evidence is going to
be somewhat tied to these. This is your basic tetrahedron,
your three-sided pyramid with your basic Y
circuit at the top and a delta circuit at the bottom,
this triangle at the bottom. So this is your basic building block
of what I’m going to talk about today, the Platonic solids. You again, you see the tetrahedron
with the Y circuit at the top and the base of the pyramid
is a delta circuit. So this is your fire element. It
basically, the basic electrical component of all these platonic
solids are built on this. We’re going to look at this in the next
slide, the Pentagon shape of the ether. And this is a, provides a simple yet elegant
conceptual framework for understanding or exploring
the Earth’s electrical geometry. There’s your build on
the Pentagon shape, it was pretty quick but you saw that in the ether and
then I’d zoom into the Earth. You see a hexagonal
feature at the North Pole and you see the
triangle in the center and I’ll show a relation
to John Quinn’s magnetic, there you go, that
triangle in the middle. So these are multi-phased circuits, it
looks like at the North Pole and what kind of inspired
me to look into this was because I’d look at climate
change I knew that these, I have them labeled as hot. But these, the tips of
this equilateral triangle, when I noticed this relationship,
are all tied to climate change. This is the Alaskan low (is)
teleconnected to the Siberian high. This is over Lake Baikal
or Baikal in Siberia, there’s a high pressure center that
sits right over this all the time, there’s a low pressure that sits
over the Aleutians right here and over Iceland there’s
another low pressure center which is teleconnected to an Azores
high pressure cell that controls European
weather pattern. You see the… I call these Joule antenna based
on Giovanni Gregori’s theory but after hearing Dr. Scott’s
lecture, last presentation, these may be the anode tufts
or photospheric tufts. Have to look into that
a little bit more but there’s the analogy
to these features that we’ve been
calling Joule spikes based on our sea urchin spikes based on the biological
model of Giovanni. And if you notice these offsets
to a deeper blue layer, this is where your double layer, if you look at the
depths over here, you have the reds are shallow so you have a z-pinch
here between these that connects the deep double layer to
the shallow upper level on the mantle and these look like they’re
related to the anode tufts or we call them
joule antenna but we don’t want to be too
confusing with all these terms. But this is what
I believe is the multi-phase circuitry of the Delta
circuit configuration at the North Pole. And if you look, you have a
depression here in the Arctic, ocean, the Gakkel Ridge, this
is the Gakkel Ridge, a rift right at the North Pole. At the South you have the
raised continent of Antarctica so it creates a dimple
and I point, okay, and that’s the shape
of, the heart shape. And we’re going to relate
that more to the human heart and a bit more but I just wanted
to show you that relationship. Let’s see if I missed anything. I wanted to show you
this other Delta, this one. Now, this one I picked out because
of the pressure oscillation systems but this one I just turned to create
the star, the 6-pointed star. So I just rotated it and it came out
at these other tectonic features. This is the tip of the
Aleutians and Kamchatka and you notice an interesting
connection to Hawaii so these may be
electrical conduits. This is the Hudson Bay. A large depression
area in North America and then you have the
Caspian Sea over here which is on this, I consider this a
vortex street through the Mediterranean. Anyway, so that the geometry comes
out on these tectonic features and we’ll talk about
that a little bit more. I’m still focused
on the geometry. So we’ll look at, we got the fire element here,
the three-sided pyramid. Over here, put that in a sphere and what you see is, one point
easily hits the top of the sphere, these other points also hit the circle
down here but there’s this large gap. If you put two tetrahedrons
in there and invert one, then you have what I consider
Y circuits at all the points. But if you look at the
common quartz crystal, then this one is faceted
and you see the facets so I’ve shaved this off a bit but it, you can see these pronounced
Deltas inside the quartz crystal and this could be an
inverted tetrahedron. It could be some other
geometry that explains it but this is your
double Delta circuit, (was) just like I showed you
at the North Pole and it’s within quartz, just your common
quartz crystals. This is the Wikipedia
evolution of the geometry and they call it a diminished
trigonal trapezohedron, that’s a mouthful, DTT. But basically, the common, what they
call a special case, is your cube. The way you, well one of the
problems I had is that I was trying to figure out how you
get a dipole from the tetrahedron because all the wires were pointed in
every direction, there was no Delta. So how do you get a Delta? Well, you have to shave
off one of the apexes and if you do that, you come up with
this gyro-elongated triangular pyramid. It has 10 equilateral triangles, three at the top, one at the base and then
six that come around and circle this area. If you convert these six equilateral
triangles into three kites, you come up with another special
case called the Chestahedron. Now, as I said this I was inspired to look into this by
a video I watched by Frank Chester and we’ll review that
again in a minute but you see at the top
here you have a Delta and then you have your
Y here at the base. So it’s a convenient geometry
to explain the dipole and that’s what I
was trying to find. There’s some other concepts, the trees of life have
this similar configuration. But then, so back to this you
see this all has the Y’s. If you look at the points,
those are Y circuits. So where’s the Delta? Well, if you look how our
Chestahedron fits into the globe, you see the gap up here. But the point here, and again, this is what creates
the structure of the heart shape, you have the point
at the South Pole, Antarctica is a
raised continent, and you have the dimple
at the North Pole. A sinking effect and we think this is tied to the
energy flow through the planet. So the Chestahedron
fits, in my opinion, better than other geometry
that I’ve looked at. This is one of the
websites you can see, see some videos that explain
this in more depth. I don’t have time to go through his full
explanation but it’s pretty interesting. This slide shows you the basic
relationship to the electronic circuits. There’s your Delta circuit, your Y circuit, again, tip in the base
of the Chestahedron. Giovanni, or Giovanni explains
this is the internal way, this induction method
in the deep Earth that’s a bit mysterious. We’ve analyzed the energy flow
through this pretty well. We have, satellite data and all types
of observational data sees this. But this is a bit mysterious but I believe it’s controlled
by this type of geometry. Review the geometry a little bit more, I’m
going to beat this horse a little bit, but there’s your sculpture. This is a Chestahedron
sculpture. If you spin this, you get this bell shape and you can see that it
creates a hole or a dimple or a vortex. Well on this end, and again
you have your tip here. So the spinning Chestahedron
creates your polar topography. So that’s what we’re looking
at, it’s those relationships. I don’t know
you all can try that. You know, if you want to try the
heart shape to see how that feels, you can do that. Frank Chester does a much better job of explaining
their relationships to the human heart. And then I want to look at how that’s tied
to some classical physics information. You have your, your basic electric dipole
plus your magnetic dipole or toroidal and that, if you put
these two together you create the anapole. This feature has the configurations,
kind of, like a human brain cut across section about here. But if you relate that to Cowling’s
Generalized Dynamo Theorem, you see that the unstable configuration
has an electric field at the toroidal and these polar or poloidal
fields are magnetic. It’s an unstable configuration. The magnetic field
in the center, electric fields in a
poloidal, are stable. It’s like the Earth. Magnetic field with
electrical fields. The unstable, I have an analogy that works to
understand this a little bit. If you had, these are
your magnetic fields. I’m sorry, electric fields. Let’s say magnetic, let’s see. This is a stable configuration,
magnetic fields. But if you have electric field in
the middle of two magnetic fields, that’s your unstable
configuration. So this is where you get a
collapse of your lightning and expansion through
the Chestahedron. Remember, expanding goes through the Delta
circuit, collapsing is through the Y. So if you collapse the energy,
lightning goes into the Earth. I can almost draw this. Let’s see if I can do that. If you have a, there’s your Y at the base, we’ll
just draw this one up there, and somewhere up in the
ionosphere is your Delta. So the energy condenses there,
collapses towards the Earth and expands away from the
Earth into the ionosphere. Go back to this. We’re looking at them, these,
we call these Joule antenna, anode tufts works for me, our photospheric tufts. As far as the charge goes, we’re looking at relationships
to atmospheric pressure, high pressure and low pressure, so those might be the anode
versus the photospheric tufts. In any event, at the
tips of these features are mantel vortexes. If you look at basic topography,
you’ll see yin-yang structures. In several places on the planet, the Banda sea is one
area I’ve looked at it at the tip of the Indonesian island
arc there’s this huge swirl feature. And the low pressure cell of El Niño
sits right over it all the time. On the other side
of the Pacific, say over here, is
the Easter Island where the high pressure sits
over Easter Island all the time and the oscillation between
those two pressure (cells) modulates the jet stream patterns
which drives the El Niño. So I think it’s internally modulated
by this electronic effect and it’s tied to surface expressions of
mantle vortexes and plate tectonics. They call this triple
junctions in plate theory. New theory or a newer theory, surge tectonics
considers them as vortex structures. So a little review
of the geology. Triple junctions you could think
of as the tip of a Chestahedron or it’s a, it’s a Y circuit. So if you look at a plate tectonic map,
you’ll see where the Y’s are located and I can get into that a
little bit more in a minute. Let’s go back to the
geometry a bit. Now, this is where, it’s very difficult to explain the
addition of another Chestahedron to this but the single Chestahedron
if it rotates one direction either the electronics
or actually, as I showed you on the North Pole
you have the two double Deltas. If you had two of these
Chestahedrons together, that’s when you get the
double, the double Delta. This expressed quartz crystals but if you relate that to the human
heart, you see what they call an inline or an expanding vortex structure with the Y at the tip and you have to spin this,
otherwise you won’t see it (but). And then the collapsed vortex, and this feature is very common if you start looking at things and with
this perspective, you see this shape. And so this is a Y here,
there’s a bit of an offset. And I want to show how that
relates to the South Pole. This was in my last
year’s presentation. I mentioned the Y circuits
at the South Pole, didn’t talk about the
North Pole last year but looking at Quinn’s
magnetic model, again, you’re looking at the
shallow in the reds and yellows, and the deep double layer here, it’s pretty much offset
where the change in the magnetic field goes from
positive to negative along this double layer, pretty close. And you see, consider these where
the circuits, in other words there’s a Y circuit
here and a Y circuit here, the solar connection
is through that. The solar connection
is in the middle but it’s connected across two of these Y
structures, two of these Joule antenna and anode tufts to
develop your Y’s. So there’s Y’s here, here, here which relates to your offset
of the double Chestahedron. And then the next co-rotating layer
out here on your mantle ridge that goes all the way
around Antarctica, which provides your transformer
effect to the plasma, where you get your
step-down energies. There’s your next co-rotating layer and the
next set of Y, next set of Joule antennae, that connect, make your
Y circuit with the Sun. And again, over here
you have another one. On this side, close to where the
South Pole actually manifests. The ring here, if you noticed this bright spot, that’s associated with a
tectonic feature right here and we think this increased brightness
indicates some type of energy transfer to the tectonics or the core or through an upper
mantle circuit. And I want to relate this
collapsed vortex feature, there’s a double Chestahedron,
rotating double Chestahedron, to some things you might
be familiar with. Most of you have seen the magnetic
hoops or the energy on the Sun, the coronal mass ejections,
your co-rotating layers and what I call Tesla streams, connection back to the Sun. But the Great Sand Dunes near Alamosa,
Colorado, exhibit a similar structure. You see a feature here in the sand
dunes, it looks like a collapse vortex and you see your area here. Now, this is caused by wind, winds that rotate
around the mountains, what they call the
thermals that come up, people hang glide and stuff up
there, and then it comes back but there’s also a
vortex setup here if your wind shears coming
across the mountain. So you have a fairly stable
vortex set up by the topography that create this feature
of the sand dunes. And real streams are
on both sides of this. So looks like an analogous
type of feature controlled possibly
by the same geometry. What was interesting
about this is, Mick are you out there? Mick Davis, our
executive director, me and him were driving to Alamosa and
we stopped by the Great Sand Dunes. His son was in the Boy Scouts,
they were having a Jamboree. We stopped by for a visit, went to the visitor center and
we had just been talking about these collapsed vortex
structures on the drive down. And we went to the visitor center and we
were looking at a map of the sand dune. And I said hey Mick, see that feature
there we were just talking about that? And that’s kind of how we
noticed this relationship. So, it was just happenstance that
I introduced this in this topic because we just happened to be driving down
there to look at some other things but… Now I’ll show you how this
relates to polar aurora. Again, you see in
the polar aurora, you see these collapsed
vortex features. There’s your North and
your South Poles, your double layer, your Tesla streams, and you notice that here’s
your day-night time boundary and I’m going to show you an animation
so you’ll see the relationship with. This day-night time boundary, this fat part of the doughnut always points
towards the night, towards midnight, whereas the opening, it’s always
pointing towards the Sun. And what I started thinking
about was what causes that. Is that just a
solar wind effect? Or is there something deeper
related to this and it dawned on me that possibly the inner
core is attracted towards the Sun while the outer core
keeps this shape and what you’re looking at in the aurora
is like an MRI magnetic resonance image of the inner and outer core
relationships through the aurora. So with that concept I thought,
think about that a little harder, and… let’s see next slide, and started thinking about how the
circuits that I looked at earlier how that was related. And I can review this again, this
was in last year’s presentation but your Y circuits at the South Pole,
Delta circuits at the North, connected through the
ridge structures. These specific rods being a,
what I consider, a hot circuit and so as the South East
Indian Ridge and the return, I believe,
is in these cooler ridges so you have the return flow
back towards the south. So this is where your currents are,
your dominant currents on the planet and what’s interesting is also this
is, looks like an inline feature versus a collapsed feature. This runs to the west
before it heads up north. I’ll show you a gravity map in a minute
that makes it a little bit easier to see but it looks like in the
mantle you’re also seeing a reflection of the inner-
outer core geometry, the Chestahedron geometry as you are in the Aurora so you get
repeating geometry in the different layers. And if you, this is where your Aleutian low, remember
I talked about the Aleutian low, that Delta at the North Pole, Iceland’s right here and Lake
Baikal, are that high pressure so you see the Delta relationship
between these electrical circuits, seem to be connected. See if I have any other items. Okay, so one more concept is
that as this Earth is spinning through these magnetic fields set up
by the inner and outer core and the same feature repeats
in the plasma sphere, the compression on
the solar side, the tail on the away
side from the Sun, so you have that same feature
in the plasma sphere, you have it in the mantle, you have
it in the inner and outer core, the Earth is rotating
through that magnetic field and it simply excites the electrical
energy by the induction processes as it rotates through
these fields. And so you’re seeing lightning
and earthquake data that are related to
this relationship. I’ll show you the animation here so you can see that the fat part of the doughnut stays towards
the night side, towards midnight, and really as the Sun, if you look at a heliocentric
model you’ll see the Sun here and the Earth is spinning. They do just the opposite,
they keep the Earth still here and spin the (magnetic) aurora. But it’s just a
relativistic thing and I wanted you to see that the doughnut
shape does point towards the midnight and there’s an
interesting phenomenon, a lightning phenomenon, make sure, it’s associated with that. This is the Catatumbo lightning and this is at the mouth
of a lake in Venezuela and this lightning
display begins at dusk, right after dark, it peaks at midnight, it’s when it’s most intense and
then it dissipates towards dawn. Happens all the time,
almost every night, there’s a relationship so when it shuts down sometimes they
think it’s related to an El Niño phase but this is (a date),
a nightly display and the fact that it
peaks at midnight, I think the spin of these
electric circuits, the East Pacific Rise is
connected to this area. I’ll show you that in the
gravity map in a minute. So it looks like lightning intensity
and timing may be tied to this effect. Look at the global lightning. This is a, what they
call annual flash rate. This is from NASA
satellite data. You’re looking at about
eight years’ worth of what they call composite,
annualized composite data. So you see a huge
concentration in the Congo. So you see your intensity here. This is the most lightning
at the top of the dark. You also see, here’s your
Catatumbo we just talked about, right in Venezuela. Tampa Bay Lightning
in Gulf of Mexico. Have a little spot up here
in the, near the Himalayas. Uruguay, Argentina, relationship
to lightning down here but I wanted to, I just showed you the
relationship to the Catatumbo lightning. I wanted to talk a little bit more about
what’s going on up here in Tampa Bay. After I’ll talk about the
relationships to the mantle gravity. This is from GRACE
satellite data and they show the mantle gravity anomaly is
about mathematically stripping away the crust or the lithosphere. And you’re seeing, this feature here is your
East Pacific Rise circuit. You’re seeing the
inner fingering, you see a tip of a
Chestahedron right here but as you come here, it’s a kind
of inner fingers into the continent is where the lightning seems to be
connected to these circuits in the mantle. You also have a connection here through the Cayman trough and up
through the Bahamas back to Tampa Bay. And then in the Congo, the South East Indian
Ridge, if you follow it, past this feature
or triple junction, come around to this feature,
another tip of a Chestahedron and then the African rift, this is where the lightning is
right next to this feature, so another connection
to this ridge. And here is, you see this is a
little better, this is your inline versus your collapsed
repeating geometry. See if I got… So, to me this is the most pronounced
feature of, this triple junction here. Y circuit sticking
straight up through the, this is ocean of course. There’s … it’s a Red Sea rift, right, and you see these features
are quite common. There’s one in the Indian Ocean,
the Rodriguez triple junction, one here, Galapagos appear
closer to the US, offshore, so these features
are fairly common. Now let’s get a little bit, let’s analyze what was going on
with the lightning up in Tampa Bay. I have some interesting
ideas about that. This is John Quinn’s
magnetic model data. Here he models,
basalt flow remnants. Here’s your colors, the red and yellow are
shallower, 30 to 70 kilometers, while your deep green and blues, there’s
your range 70 to 400 kilometers, there’s your double layer, deep double layer with the
upper mantle positive layer. So I zoom-in to Florida to look at the
relationships of these Joule antennae, we’ll call them that today, on either side of Florida and surface magnetic data from
USGS, the crustal signatures, even shallower than
these features. You see an ancient Triassic
rift that runs through Florida. This was what they consider responsible
for opening of the Gulf of Mexico back in the Triassic. They’re associated with iron,
red beds and such, like that. (If you) From drill data they
know what’s in down there. But you see this feature runs
right across through Tampa Bay and it kind of connected
to the Bahamas but this is shallow. So lightning would ground
to these anomalies in here and it’s like a bridge that
connects these two deeper features which have connections
to the core. So there’s your
grounding connections and you can see them
with the magnetic data. And what got me curious
about this was the 2004 hurricane season. We had three hurricanes that
intersected just east of Tampa Bay. I was curious about that. That was intriguing. Charlie came in
from the Gulf side and Jeanne and Francis both came
in through near Abaco, Bahamas and came up through, caught
the edge of the Gulf. So I said, what could possibly be going on
with the intersection of 3 hurricanes here, kind of curious about that
so I talked to VAISALA. They run the US Lightning
Detection Network. I think they’re
located out in Tucson but they were kind enough to share this
histogram of lightning strike data for these years, ’96 through 2004 and what you see is about
a half million strikes and it’s about a
two degree area, that’s around Tampa. I’ll show you the plots in
a minute to orient you but you get a little bit more, on average a
little bit over half a million strikes up until this year, 2003. The year right before, we had the
three hurricane strike in the area. And I was looking
at this chart here. This is a century’s worth
of data, from 1900 to 2000. John Quinn used five year running
averages or models to create this curve, your Earth’s magnetic
moment decay. So your magnetic
field is increasing, decreasing, increasing,
decreasing. We’re associating, this was a
discharging and a charging effect and I have this down here which is
the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. This is considered the largest global
temperature proxy on the planet. It’s a horseshoe’s temperature
pattern that goes from a U-shape in the Northern Pacific
to an L-shape over here by Kuroshio and the
Intertropical Convergence and then you get the ‘U’ along
California when it’s positive and it goes back to the ‘L’ shape when
it’s a cooler or a cooling trend. And it’s interesting that the inflection
points turn with the magnetic decay. But what’s even more
curious is here. When it goes from discharging to
charging is when your lightning doubled. Now Tampa Bay has more lightning
than anywhere in North America so for it to double in one year, in a place that already has more lightning
than anywhere in North America, it’s pretty interesting. What causes that? So we think the
reason is right here because the Earth’s discharging and
goes back to a charging effect. The reason behind all this, I don’t have time to
go into that today but there’s some
suspected reasons. This is, the blue, what we’re looking at
here is the positive strokes versus all the strokes, the green being negative,
cloud-to-ground negative polarity. What VAISALA says about
the positive strokes is that the charges lower from the
cloud before you get the strike. Well there’s actually
coming from the ground. I have, couldn’t get him to admit that it
was coming from the ground and I don’t know but they considered charge
lowers from the cloud so you get attraction from the
ground before you get the strike. That’s what there’s
represented by the blue and they gave me two
separate plots. They plotted the total
and the positive and I’ll show you
what that looks like. This is the chart
of all the data and you see a concentration
just at the mouth of Tampa Bay. This is where the hurricanes’ intersection
was right in the middle of this circle. When you plot the positive
strokes over here, here’s what they say about the
convention of lightning polarity, charge being lowered
from the cloud. You see a shift inland along
the peninsular arch of Florida and you get two distinct
concentrations of lightning. So if you take these two charts
and you add them together, and plot it all together, the reason you don’t see, you wouldn’t see
this unless you only plotted the positive. But consider a delta circuit between
the two positive concentrations and the negative are the lightning,
the cloud-to-ground lightning here. So you have a negative and two
positive poles in your triangle. So another delta circuit in
the lightning configuration. To me, that was
highly interesting. And then I wanted to relate
that to earthquakes. Again, this is a, tied to your
East Pacific Rise circuit. This is a clustered burst. You have a, two distinct
clusters of earthquakes. This is off the coast of, this
is the Peruvian trench here. So these squares are about the same area. I
zoomed in a little bit more on this one. But all these earthquakes occurred
in about a three-day period. This is November 11th, 1996. This was associated with the
beginning of a Hale cycle, the 22 year solar sunspot cycle. The earthquakes are plotted, I plotted the earthquakes for….
these are several years, ’96 to 2003. So this is about seven years’
worth of earthquake data. You see this huge spike here,
associated with this spike. We just calculated from
the (Joule) Richter values, you can calculate
the Joule energy, this is an exponent. So you see a big spike
associated with this. There’s just this little teeny one
with this little earthquake that happened later. But when this energy was released
at the base of the mantle, it takes some time for what they call transmigration of the
thermal heat through the crust. And you see about six months later, you
get this sea surface temperature anomaly, max sea surface temperature anomaly
and that’s what these are. You see two distinct sea surface
temperature anomalies in black here and one of them is down on the slope,
one of them’s further up on the shelf which is the same geospatial relationship
of the two distinct clusters. A fellow named Daniel Walker at the University of Hawaii has looked at
the earthquake relationship to El Niño and he reported that for every El Niño
he sees six month precursor earthquakes. This isn’t the only ones, there’s
all over the Pacific Basin and he sees these increases. But we went to look for them and
this was an example we found. And he’s found some after
or before every El Niño. And that got me curious, why is there
a relationship between climate and earthquakes? So that’s what got us
looking into this. This was several years back. If you look at the full-blown
temperature anomaly of what they consider
the full-blown El Niño, this was the ’97-’98 El Niño, you see this huge sea surface temperature
anomaly about the size of Europe, 7 or 8 degrees, and you
see a bifurcation in this temperature anomaly.
Actually, you see a Y circuit in it. Maybe the triangle at the
tip of the Chestahedron. Galapagos is right here. I showed you this earlier on the
mantle gravity anomaly map. This is a triple junction. Simultaneously appear in
the Glamis basin rift, you also have an interesting sea
surface temperature anomaly. And this is the peak, this is
the peak El Niño temperature. If you look at the bathymetry,
underlying bathymetry, over here the Cocos ridge and the
Carnegie ridge, there’s Galapagos. Does anybody see a Y or a
Delta in that configuration? So, what we think
is going on here is you’re getting hydrothermal
venting off of these ridges and that’s reflected in the sea
surface temperature anomaly. So, we have run out
of time it looks like. So that concludes our show. I hope you enjoyed it. I just wanted to show you
all those relationships and see if anybody had any
feedback, all right!

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