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No Escape: Dangers of Confined Spaces

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[Music] Narrator: October 2, 2007. A terrible tragedy unfolded in the mountains
40 miles west of Denver, Colorado. Five contract painters were trapped by a chemical fire,
deep inside a hydroelectric plant tunnel. The plant was owned by Xcel Energy,
a major regional electric power company. The fire, involving combustible coatings and solvents
inside the tunnel, blocked the only way out, an opening more than 1400 feet away. Narrator: There was no help available, because the company did not have properly trained
emergency responders standing by for such a rescue. For the workers, there was no escape. [Music] Narrator: The Chemical Safety Board found that
neither Xcel Energy nor its contractor, RPI Coating, had adequately evaluated the
dangers of the work inside the tunnel. Bresland: The RPI contractors entered
a confined space with highly flammable solvents, little training and no emergency plan. From the moment they entered the tunnel,
the stage was set for disaster. Narrator: Excel Energy’s Cabin Creek Hydroelectric Plant
is located in a remote mountainous area, approximately six miles from Georgetown, Colorado. A 4,000-foot tunnel, known in the industry as a penstock, was slightly inclined at the bottom
and extremely steep at the top. The penstock carried water
between the upper and lower reservoirs. At the bottom, water flowed through
large turbines to generate electricity. Over the years, the penstock lining deteriorated. In 2007, Excel Energy contracted with RPI,
an industrial painting company, to recoat a large steel section of the penstock
near the power plant and lower reservoir. Work began at the site in September. The penstock is a unique confined space,
that is difficult to enter and exit. Before the project began,
a door was cut into the lower section, to provide access for workers and their equipment. On the morning of the accident, October 2, RPI workers prepared to begin the coating operation
by bringing approximately ten gallons of a highly flammable solvent
called methyl ethyl ketone or MEK, into the penstock. Some of the solvent was used to clean the
equipment and hoses before starting the work. Shortly after 1:00 p.m.,
eleven workers began coating a section of wall, located more than 1400 feet inside the penstock. To apply the new two-part epoxy coating,
workers used a specialized sprayer. Base and hardener were mixed
and then sprayed onto the walls. But the workers immediately encountered problems. The epoxy was not adhering evenly to the surface. The workers flushed the hoses and spray wands
with MEK each time a problem arose, but despite their efforts,
they could not get the epoxy to adhere evenly. An RPI foreman decided to clean and
remove the sprayer from the penstock. The crew began cleaning out all of
the equipment and hoses, using MEK. A worker brought in more of the flammable solvent
to aid in the cleaning. Some workers noticed the strong odor of MEK,
as the vapors spread through the work area. At approximately 2:00 p.m.,
the vapor was ignited, [sound of explosion] most likely by static electricity
inside one of the spraying machine hoppers. A flash fire erupted. Burning solvent burst from the hopper
onto a nearby worker, catching his sleeve on fire. The flames spread quickly,
engulfing the open buckets of MEK nearby. Five workers were blocked from
escaping the penstock by the intense fire. The trapped men shouted desperately for fire extinguishers,
but there were none inside the penstock. Workers on the other side of the burning equipment
ran the 1400 feet to the entrance, to locate fire extinguishers. One worker notified the control room operator to call 911. The five trapped workers
could do nothing but wait and hope. Narrator: Inside the penstock, the nearby
buckets of epoxy and MEK burst into flames. The trapped men fled deeper into
the penstock to escape the smoke. They used their radios to communicate with
the workers outside, imploring them for help. Workers repeatedly attempted to
fight the fire with portable extinguishers, but they were forced to turn back by
the intense heat and thick black smoke. Inside the penstock,
the workers continued to wait for rescue. At 2:11 p.m., county emergency personnel
arrived at the site in response to the 911 call. But they had not been informed about the
hazardous conditions within the penstock and they were not equipped or trained to
attempt such a technically demanding rescue. The trapped workers were instructed
to move even deeper into the mountain, but they stopped when they reached the
incline section, which was too steep to climb. They told responders they were struggling to breathe,
as smoke filed the penstock. Some of the responders entered the penstock
on an all-terrain vehicle, but the dense smoke blocked their path
and they had to retreat after just 200 feet. The responders then drove up the winding road
that rose over 1,000 feet to the upper reservoir. There they lowered air bottles and respirators
through a small hatch, hoping these would reach the trapped workers below. Finally at 3:40 p.m., a specialized rescue unit
arrived from Denver, some 40 miles to the east. A short time later, a specialized mine rescue unit arrived. The teams prepared for entry, but it was too late. The five workers inside the penstock
had died of smoke inhalation over an hour earlier. The following day, responders found
their bodies near the bottles of air. The CSB found that the accident at Xcel’s
Cabin Creek Plant highlights three key safety issues. The lack of regulatory limits for bringing
flammable materials into permit-required confined spaces. Xcel Energy’s flawed process for
contractor selection and oversight. And the lack of preparation for possible emergencies. [Music] Aseltine: Confined space technical rescue poses
many unique challenges for us as emergency responders. Narrator: Captain Steve Aseltine is
the Division Chief of Training for the West Metro Fire and Rescue District in Denver. He and his team responded to the accident at Xcel Energy. Aseltine: A confined space is not
meant for continuous human occupancy. It has a small ingress and egress point. A permit-required confined space
is any area that can have an atmosphere that’s
immediately dangerous to life or health. You’re required to have a rescue team onsite and professionals there to help you
in a permit-required confined space. And most times we see, people just blow that off. And unfortunately, those are the
people that don’t get to go home. Holmstrom: There was 45 minutes
between the incident [sound of explosion] and when the last radio conversations
occurred with the workers inside the penstock. That’s a significant amount of time. MacKenzie: The fact that there was 45 minutes
before the last radio communication tells us that there would have been enough time, had an emergency responding group been there
and been prepared to handle the chemicals inside, to potentially put it out and rescue the individuals. Narrator: The nearest community
emergency responders trained for confined space technical rescue
were located over an hour’s drive away. Aseltine: The fire department in your local area
may not have a confined space technical rescue team. They may not have that specialized level of training. They may have to wait for that kind of response. And if you’re the person down in there that is in a
low-oxygen environment, you don’t have time to wait. Narrator: To increase the
availability of such specialized responders, the CSB recommended that the State of Colorado develop a new firefighter training certification program
for confined space rescue. [Music] Narrator: The CSB determined that when Xcel Energy
was selecting a contractor to recoat the penstock, RPI did not have an acceptable safety record,
based on Xcel’s own evaluation standards. Holmstrom: In the Safety category, RPI was evaluated
to have a zero on a scale of zero to five. And that was the lowest possible rating. However, that did not prevent RPI from winning the
competitive bidding process, largely based on low price. Narrator: Xcel officials determined that another coating
contractor had better technical qualifications than RPI. However, that company’s estimated cost was
higher than Xcel’s budget for the project. Holmstrom: Xcel didn’t consider safety to be
one of the criteria by which RPI could be disqualified. Narrator: Xcel did plan to closely monitor
RPI’s safety performance during the project. However, the CSB determined that
Xcel’s oversight of RPI remained inadequate. The CSB recommended that the
Colorado Public Utilities Commission develop rules governing the selection and disqualification of contractors
based on their safety records. The Board also urged the
Commission to require regulated utilities to investigate and report to the public
on all serious accidents. [Music] Narrator: In 1993, OSHA issued a regulatory standard
for Permit-Required Confined Spaces in general industry. But the Chemical Safety Board
identified 53 serious accidents since 1993, where flammable atmospheres led to
fires or explosions inside confined spaces. These accidents caused a total
of 45 fatalities and 54 injuries. Most of the fatalities and injuries
have occurred since 2001. Existing good practice guidelines
recommend against working in any confined space where the concentration of flammable vapor exceeds a
specific low percentage of the Lower Explosive Limit. That is the lowest concentration of a
flammable vapor in air that can burn when ignited. Concentrations below the Lower
Explosive Limit or LEL are too lean to burn. Concentrations exceeding the Upper
Explosive Limit are too rich to burn. Overseas regulations as well as certain OSHA standards,
including the OSHA standard for shipyards, prohibit work inside a confined space if the atmosphere
exceeds ten percent of the Lower Explosive Limit. However, the OSHA general industry standard, which regulates over four million permit-required
confined spaces across the country, sets no such safety limit. [Sound of explosion] Narrator: The Chemical Safety Board
believes that the limit must be set conservatively, because atmospheres can change quickly. Although monitoring is essential,
it may not always reveal the full extent of the hazard. Holmstrom: If you don’t establish limits
how are workers to know what is safe and what isn’t? And it undermines the importance and the
recognition of those hazards of a flammable atmosphere. Narrator: In its final report,
the Board called on OSHA to amend the permit-required confined spaces rule for general industry, to prohibit entry and occupancy if the
atmosphere exceeds a specified low percentage of the LEL. [Sound of explosion] Aseltine: The incident at Cabin Creek
will affect me for the rest of my career. Do I hope that that never happens again? Absolutely; nobody ever wants to
see this type of incident occur and anything we can to do to help prevent that,
I think is invaluable. Bresland: Often companies do not
properly consider the dangers of working within the unique environment of a confined space. Companies and contractors need to be
diligent about assessing those hazards, controlling the risks
and planning for possible emergencies. We hope that our investigation and this video
will help prevent similar accidents in the future. Narrator: For more information about the CSB investigation
of the accident at Xcel Energy, please visit CSB.gov. [Music]

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100 thoughts on “No Escape: Dangers of Confined Spaces”

  1. Casual Listener says:

    These remind me so much of cold case files or something like that. This guys voice rocks.

  2. NeoRipshaft says:

    It's so incredibly frustrating – this is why we have regulations, this is why the country's basic production jobs are being outsourced and globalized – it is literally the consequence of caring about the lives of your people, and it angers me to no end that politicians try and politicize the safety of their citizens, with no conceivable economic gain.

    Unless you live like a third world country, it's not going to be cheaper to do local. You should be fighting for your children's education above all else… it's not politics it's just the facts.

  3. freeman239 says:

    Funny how the description always say people killed. It's always men dying in these videos. If it was women it would be a tragedy, but it's just us disposable men dying, no need for alarm. No need to be specific or anything.

  4. Gunshinzero says:

    Dumb contractor should have talked to the fire department before starting the job.

  5. Pockets MacCartney says:

    dear God, those poor fellows. How heart breaking.

  6. G J says:

    I quit working in plants in 2017 its just not worth it !!! And i lost a friend in the plant Its not worth the money !!!

  7. Phoebe C says:

    People do not understand why it takes so long to properly set up and permit
    A confined space task much less when
    A hazardous task is involved.
    Education and understanding hazards
    Are so important having issued such permits we have always relied on two individuals to not only set up but
    Permit and insure a proper rescue plan
    With a minimum of 4 rescue team members present.

  8. Wes Small says:

    "Five contract painters are trapped by a chemical fire"

    And the leader says to the others "As much as it paints me to say this, I think we got burned on this job"

  9. Open Source Movies and Scripts Central Casting says:

    The effects of the fumes in that environment probably affected judgement when it came to decisions leading up to the event, and reaction during the event. At least one person there commented on the fumes. They must have been overwhelming. They'd worked around volatile substances before, no doubt, but I think they did not realize how working in a completely enclosed space like that with only two openings, each a long way from where the were working. The regulations governing these working conditions are developed from and anticipatory towards exactly these kinds of events. If a job like this can't be done properly, if there aren't ample funds to do it right, the job shouldn't be discussed.

  10. Shawn Gherity says:

    Gotta say any idiot that sprays highly flammable solvent in any confined space is an idiot.
    Anyone that works with flammables without fire extinguishers close at hand is an even bigger idiot.

  11. Judicious Aim says:

    I would have liked to have seen details covered in this accident lessons learned video relating to what was on the JHA and what measures were mandated by the CS competent person. As a CSCP the permits I issue list all foreseeable hazards on both the permit and on the mandatory JHA before an entrant is allowed inside a CS.
    In addition, each entrant must sign an affidavit confirming they have read and understand the information covered in both documents.

    When we first began training for CS a few years ago a lot of my guys moaned and groaned about having to sit through a CS entrant and attendant class as we “have been doing the job for many years and have never had an accident” even though none of us had ever been trained to safety enter a PRCS.

    I first ran across this YT channel, and specifically this video, a while ago and showed it at one of our (now) 1-hr long weekly safety stand down meetings. The same guys who complained endlessly about the classes were all attentive and had come to understand through several follow up safety classes that just because we used to just enter the CS for routine work, deadly accidents CAN occur, especially when proper written procedures were not in place to account for the hazard of the space.

  12. Anthony Agnelneri says:

    M.E.K. = METHYL ETHEL KETONE…CRAZY shit..

  13. Roger Keulen says:

    Why not close the entry and create a large under presure. Reverse and increase the air flow of the air supply.

  14. Justyn says:

    This type of thing is just going to keep happening regardless of how many regulations are in place, because people are going to keep doing whatever they think they can get away with. It doesn't matter to whatever corporate fatcat is in charge of these decisions, they'll continue to make more money than they can spend in five lifetimes. What do they care about a few human lives, they're just numbers at the end of the day.

  15. Super stop motion Story person says:

    RIP all of those workers. 😥

    Edit: dang, thx for the likes

  16. John Doyle says:

    Sends shivers down my spine. I worked many years in the chemical industry, and hated confined space entry permits, if I signed one, I would always be present on site to supervise, and would not relax until everyone out safely.
    Glad to be out of the industry without hurting anyone, a fatality would have been too much for me to live with..

  17. ElTurbinado says:

    How tragic… of all the csb videos this one really gets to me…

  18. ElTurbinado says:

    It seems like placing the sprayer equipment ahead of them might of helped too, since it wouldn’t have blocked their escape. I am surprised the csb didn’t make a recommendation about maintaining a clear path to the exit when possible.

  19. Stanley Chang says:

    Would partially opening the water gate at the top have worked to save them?
    Radio the trapped workers to have steady footing and allow a reasonable flow of water down the pipe such that it's not strong enough to knock the workers off their feet but enough to flush the burning solvent out the other end. It might even give the workers extra time since water would displace an equal volume of air down the pipe.

  20. schooper • says:

    The sad thing is osha regulations are heavily enforced in entry level manual labor jobs when some don’t make sense and simple common sense should be used instead, but in actual industrial work places they are pretty much ignored and looked over by supervisors and the company as a whole when risk of death is 100x greater

  21. ItsMeHammie says:

    The cause is always $

  22. Paul Ste. Marie says:

    This wasn't an accident—it was depraved indifference murder. The company knew the contractor was unqualified and hired it regardless..

  23. TylerGuy456 says:

    I understand the dangerous atmosphere, the smoke, the flames, but. If they were standing in front of it when it’s ignited, why couldn’t they just run past it? Suffer the burns in exchange for a better chance of survival

  24. bachelors of trolling degree, 2013 says:

    Why would you spray a flammable liquid in a confined space all it takes is one spark

  25. Crifstar says:

    Safety first, unless it is going to cost money.

  26. Uncle Creepy says:

    Not to belittle a tragedy or blame the victims, but did anyone just try to run past the fire? The graphic representation may not have actually displayed how the fire was inside, but it made it seem like containers on the pallets were on fire and the fire didn’t spread to the whole floor or walls. At least not right away. Of course they probably thought they could get reduced and backed up and then it got to late to try and run through.

  27. Raul Toquinto says:

    Why did the CSB only make new firefighting rules for Colorado? There are IDLH confined spaces worldwide. Or was just Colorado not up to date?

  28. Chuck Wagon says:

    It always that much worse when people die when they didn't have to.

  29. Peyton Hamlett says:

    I have no real purpose to watch these videos but they are too interesting not to watch lol

  30. Gabriel Fair says:

    This is why we have government oversight and safety reviews

  31. Stech55 says:

    Yet another example of first responders waiting for all the stars to align. You have breathing gear but you turned back because the smoke was thick? Great.

  32. Sinn7891 says:

    A question: why could the fire department not make it? With a reserve bottle its possible to walk 15-20 min in and connect the hoses(than still have left 30-40 min to come back), and nobody had 3 other suits and masks with bottles there or resp. with double connection?!? Was maybe the water supply not possible cause too far from exit??

  33. Traveling Tom says:

    Unfortunately sounds like a bunch of rookies doing the painting. Anyone spraying flammable solvent into the air is a idiot. Not only does it create a flammable cloud, it also travels through the air and ends up on the wall where paint will not stick to it (likely the cause of the original problem). A professional painter will set the gun sprayer to stream (as opposed to spray) and shot the stream no more than a inch or two from the top of the liquid level into another bucket until the gun is cleaned. No mess, no mist, and you recover your solvent. When I was painting semi trailers I saw a new guy spraying solvent at the ground near his feet. I said "anyone throws a cigarette near you and you are going to go up like a roman candle". I took 60 seconds to show him a better way. Unfortunately this training is usually not taught.

  34. TRX VLOGGER says:

    They died to death

  35. Pro. Logic says:

    A very high priority was on spending less money and very little priority on safety .
    Saving Money will always come first and what about safety????, OH that's right SAVING MONEY!!! comes first . The men did not get saved they died , OH but it's OK a lot of money was saved. I wonder how the surviving family members feel about this.

  36. Seth B says:

    What idiot contractor or industry sends men into a penstock with MEK and epoxy paint, without at least 250 pounds of CO2 fire suppression extinguishers, CO/O2/H2S/VOC combustible gas LEL monitors and SCAT packs and extra air bottles for each man? You need to know when to tell your boss "FUCK YOU MY JOB IS NOT WORTH THIS MUCH RISK, I AM CALLING OSHA ON YOU RAT ASS. FIRE ME AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS NEXT". Lots of processes have gotten away from using MEK. I have had numerous small quart bottle MEK and PVC solvent fires on my jobs. Some idiot electricians like to pour the glue or solvent onto PVC pipe light it and then bend the heated pipe. I tend to fire those guys. A cloud of MEK fumes was ignited and blew up at Intel Fab 11 near Albuquerque NM. Fab 11 is now closed. Bigger die sizes are used now.

  37. Robert Benoit says:

    I am guessing that their safety record took a huge hit after this incident and the loss of 5 people which should have been zero loss. Tragic but preventable and the reason why there needs to be better oversight for things like this.

  38. The Gaming Legends says:

    I’m on a volunteer fire dept. and I call bullshit on the firemen who wouldn’t go into that tunnel, confined space fire fighting/ rescue is part of Fire Fighter 1 course, a requirement to be a firemen, they didn’t go in because they didn’t want to, those lives could have been saved, not to mention a high angle ropes rescue team could have taken them out through the high incline, if they can get 4 SCBA containers plus gear down the tunnel, they could carry them out via the same equipment.
    EDIT: changed Big to high, as auto correct is currently drunk

  39. Benjamin Fuller says:

    I always wondered why they say "ENTRY CAN BE FATAL" like in various games.

  40. 21boxhead says:

    HOW THE HELL DID I END UP HERE?
    I FELL ASLEEP WATCHING AMERICAS DUMBEST CRIMINALS AND WAKE UP TO SEE THIS

  41. Dave B says:

    Don't worry the trump admin and Scott Pruitt have over ridden all these pesky profit killing … errr I mean job killing safety regulations. Regulations don't kill jobs they save lives But as you can see corporations are not people they have no conscience and don't care if people have to die for extra profit. THINK BEFORE YOU VOTE. PROFITS AND GREED KILL PEOPLE! We are already seeing this with this new administration. You shouldn't have to fear going to work so some asshole can get a bigger yacht.

  42. Dave B says:

    trump is going to get rid of the ENTIRE CSB by cutting its budget from both the 2018 and 2019 budget. Don't expect more video but expect a lot more deaths. MAYBE the democrats will be able to save the CSB, maybe not. These are regulations they save lives but cut a tiny % into profits. THINK BEFORE YOU VOTE

  43. Jason lee says:

    RPI Coating more like RIP Coating

  44. 1bad540i says:

    My old workplace safety moto was
    NO JOB IS SO IMPORTANT and NO SERVICE IS SO URGENT THAT WE CANNOT TAKE THE TIME TO PERFORM OUR WORK SAFELY.
    NOW….? "Fix it fast and pray it lasts" is the current safety moto.

  45. Gooper Loper says:

    I so wish i was there via time travel and tell them to put the buckets towards the end so everyone can get out if there was a fire.

  46. Gooper Loper says:

    Coal mines spend millions to prevent just such a thing. These guys just brought it in!

  47. SIDE WALK! says:

    I LOVE THESE VIDEOS

  48. Amber Maynard says:

    Hindsight. Since the tunnel was angled downward, if the fire department sprayed water in the top entrance, the water would have flowed downward toward the fire.

  49. garryonz says:

    One of the workers lit a cigarette.

  50. Ian moseley says:

    Perhaps they should consider using some less flammable solvent?

  51. Jakob Christiansen says:

    Why not just open some of the valves for the recevoir and flood the fire?

  52. John Breunig says:

    I worked on submarines for over 9 years, the paint shop used this nasty shit MEK by the barrels, along with the two part epoxy paint. Air fed respirators were always worn when spraying and purging. Paint rig ALWAYS stayed outside, don’t care if you have to run a 1/2 mile of hose to spray gun, Plus have negative ventilation at point of work, “hooked to staging” area. Constant monitoring of atmosphere with a explosive/ oxygen meter also during spraying and purging, gas free inspector class was over 40 hours of training, , with meter requal every 6 months on all meters and a GFM test every year. These guys were so under trained, low bid, not the best bid.

  53. Frank Heuvelman says:

    Don't worry.
    The market will solve all these tiny little problems.
    No government regulation needed.
    The market is strictly self-regulatory.

  54. Landon Roy says:

    I’m an industrial painter, that scared the shit out of me, I’m seriously surprised these guys used MEK, we refuse to use it period at anytime, it’s insanely strong stuff

  55. Fruit Cat says:

    Let me guess RPI was the cheapest.

  56. Looking for white privilege says:

    We have been continuously been trained in confined space entry and rescue for 40 years in the refinery and chemical plant industries

  57. Michael McDonald says:

    Xcel tried to cover this up. They destroyed evidence at the site and in their offices. They has one safety violation after the next previous to the accident. They were found not guilty of killing these people.

  58. Charles Stiles says:

    Hold your breath and run through the fire… People sure are dumb… Id rather be burnt and alive than suffocate to death…

  59. JM Kupihea says:

    Rest their souls.

  60. saravis56 says:

    There is no way I’d go in that tube. And with flammable solvents. Why would you clean inside. Why?

  61. Thomas.E. Jensen says:

    When there is money in politics. rich people can pay the politicians to get to kill their workers. And that saves them money and increases profit short term. This is what happens when capitalism run amok, with no oversight to keep everyone safe from the profit mongers.

  62. Isis Sahara says:

    This really haunted me for a while. What those poor people went through.

  63. David Kearns says:

    Once again, Loss of life caused by pinching pennies and picking a company with a poor safety record.

  64. John Doe says:

    7:13 — I feel so bad for those poor guys having died after 45 minutes of terror, alone, in the dark, knowing they were going to die.

    The shot of the lone little hard hat on the floor next to the bottles of air really bummed me the f*** out. Damn man, talk about a truly poignant way of showing the concept of "too little, too late" where the regulatory changes after the incident were involved.

  65. MichaelChiklisCares says:

    I would brought oxygen tank with me doing this kind of work .

  66. Rocketplumber says:

    In the olden days, nonflammable CFC solvents would have been used. Those five workers were casualties of environmentalism, as well as corporate greed.

  67. Jeff Froment says:

    Once I heard M.E.K. I knew that was going to be the problem. I'm a painter for 21yrs now and have used M.E.K. a bunch of times. I'm sorry but these painters should've known better. M.E.K. is highly flammable and should be used in well ventilated areas.

  68. Robert Richardson says:

    Confined space training is constant and on going as well as yearly reviews of all such spaces at my companies facilities. Employee training on confined spaces and in combination with the OSHA Lock out Tag out rules are enforced by an established model program out lining all requirements prior to entering a confined space and duties of all involved in such work. THESE save lives if enforced and constant training is done.
    No radio communications between the workers and an attendant of which there was none and no radio communications between the non present attendant and a person stationed at a phone to call for help. To many failures… no plan, no permit issued even and no evaluation of the hazards was done prior to the work starting.

  69. Onion Rings says:

    Ironic they didnt want to pay more for a better contractor but ended up paying more in clean up and damages.

  70. reddyfreddy says:

    One sentence sums up Xcel's philosophy . "Xcel didn't consider safety to be one of the criteria by which RPI could be disqualified"

  71. Nancy Pelosi says:

    Government regulation required the tunnel maintenance — more big government causing people to get killed

  72. Lex Luther says:

    To Know Jesus in your last moments…..what would have done knowing your faith is seal…damn why didnt i quit this company i knew they messed up…thoughts go in your head … then you accept it..hope that company paid their families and went out of business…you cant repay lost of life

  73. TheBrodsterBoy says:

    They almost certainly would have made it if the bottles of air had been lowered earlier, since the bottles of air ended up right next to them, and the sound of the bottles coming down would have alerted them to it

  74. Antonio Spada says:

    Reetings from https://www.bonifica-cisterne.it/

  75. Don't, Jimm says:

    “The CSB recommended…..” that’s my favorite part. Ya done fucked up. Here’s why. Don’t do it again.

  76. Tim Hallas says:

    In another video, this would be titled, "Idiots at work"

  77. Yohann Last says:

    Defunding The Chemical Safety Board Is A Bad Idea And …
    https://www.forbes.com/…/defunding-the-chemical-safety-board-is-a-bad-i…Feb 14, 2018 – The U. S. Chemical Safety Board (USCSB) has a critical role to play in surmounting these challenges. Inspired by its vision of “a nation safe …Unfortunately, the 2019 budget proposed by the Trump administration zeros out funding
    for the USCSB. Its requested fiscal-year funding, $12 million, is
    modest for a government agency. Likewise, the 2018 budget also proposed to defund the USCSB.
    This sustained effort reflects an ongoing de-emphasis on chemical
    safety – as a second example, Environmental Protection Agency
    Administrator Scott Pruitt has indefinitely delayed bans on the use of three hazardous chemicals, shown to be toxic to human health.

  78. tungsten carbide projectile says:

    Why did they not cut a new exit down passed the fire location?

  79. Bady89 says:

    Poor People :/

  80. KFStreich says:

    45 minutes? … you would need all employees to be trained as emergency responders.

  81. Terrence Miller says:

    Why didn’t they just throw some kind of ladder down that shaft and have the 5 just climb up to safety. Was that possible?

  82. andydurbs says:

    The company has 0% competency to safely complete the task at hand but they are the cheapest…what could go wrong? Prison for the retards at the decision making point.

  83. fast AiR says:

    🙁

  84. Amellia Mendel says:

    How about not blocking the only exit with flammable material as a recommendation

  85. Nicholas L says:

    low res

  86. Nicholas L says:

    Why use toxic and flammable solvents? Hope they were sued!

  87. Never Knows Best says:

    these dangers brought to you by cut throat US capitalism.

  88. sclSolitarium says:

    Cutting corners cuts lives short… god damnit, Xcel…

  89. svtfast says:

    Should have drilled large holes that would have allowed smoke to leave. Add pull fans and it would have worked even better.

  90. Archibald Mirenopteryx says:

    This one was a special kind of horror. Everyone involved in the rescue got to hear those men die pleading for their lives. They were put in an impossible situation: Trying to carry out a highly technical rescue during a raging underground fire without the specialist equipment and training they needed. The total incompetence of the utility company (putting MEK in a blind tunnel between your workers and the only exit? WTF???) was the direct cause of their deaths.

    What a terrible tragedy this was.

  91. Katie Kane says:

    Y'all do understand that EVERY corporation runs the numbers of cost bemefit analysis right? In this case; # of workers × probable settlement amount vs amount of higher bid. Car companies, airplane companies etc ALL do this. Capitalism at it's finest!

  92. foxymetroid says:

    Time to invest in firefighting robots. Make them heat resistant and send them in. They'd survive the heat and wouldn't require oxygen tanks to survive the smoke.

  93. tenshi7angel says:

    These people pretty much did the same as cutting a tree branch while sitting on the falling side. Darwin Award!

  94. Coretta Ha says:

    How are workers to know it’s unsafe if they themselves report they knew they were breathing solvent fumes the whole time? Sheesh.

  95. Renzo Zara says:

    Xcel energy found not guilty in 2011

  96. John Smith says:

    The answer is plain and simple @ 9:54.
    Money, money, money.

  97. Harr32xis says:

    NO ESCAPE.

  98. Some High Voltage Channel says:

    Following OSHA is boring, but it does save your life!

  99. StreamFan 68 says:

    to every single one of you throwing terms around like " lowest bidder"… you clearly do not know enough about how this industry even works when you say that and it shows… just stop….

  100. LastAvailableAlias says:

    Why government regulations are sometimes a good thing. If people can be lazy or cut corners they will.

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