Orbitals, the Basics: Atomic Orbital Tutorial — probability, shapes, energy; Crash Chemistry Academy


Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

100 thoughts on “Orbitals, the Basics: Atomic Orbital Tutorial — probability, shapes, energy; Crash Chemistry Academy”

  1. gnomie first says:

    I have wasted so much time trying to understand this that I thought I must be an idiot. I finally get that the shapes, or probability clouds, of orbitals only hold two electrons no matter how many lobes and complicated the shape of the orbital is. I had confused each lobe of an orbital as representing a different shell. I don't understand why the books and videos just don't start with this presentation to begin with. As Feynman said, its' not complicated, just a lot of sub-structures. Thank you.

  2. José Luis Mendizábal says:

    So, if a 1s orbital is being covered by a 2s orbital, can the electrons of the 2s orbital be found inside the 1s orbital? making it seem as if the 1s orbital had 4 electrons but it's actually the 1s and 2s electrons in the same place?

  3. Edward Woods says:

    This is a great channel! You desire many more subscribers.

  4. Alyanna Darza says:

    Wait.. If one 2p orbital can hold 2 electrons, then why does carbon need two 2p orbitals? Since one 2p would be enough for 6 electrons cause the other 4 are in the first two s orbitals

  5. Aazeen Aayat says:

    Sir plz make video on movement of electrons in orbitals as well as in shells

  6. Keerthika Elumalai says:

    best explanation….thank u so much

  7. Lily Lopez says:

    so there is a G orbital??????

  8. Cam says:

    Thanks so much 👍

  9. Daniela Ramos Blanco says:

    At 11:05 we see the f orbitals with different colored lobes. What does this mean?

  10. TheTrio M says:

    How many orbitals are contained in an atom with atomic number 13?

  11. Hannah 34Anna says:

    so clear and helpful! thank you so much

  12. Cutiepie GIRLY says:

    👏👏👏soo much helpful💓

  13. Masud Jahan says:

    Very sharp and good explanation, thank you.

  14. sayuru eragoda says:

    SUPERB Explanation.But I Have Serious Trust Issues with SCIENCE.GREAT WORK!!

  15. whatsapp status says:

    what is lobe in orbitals

  16. 伙伴小伙伴 says:


  17. aeopmusic says:

    Great!! but why on earth are you calling the vertical axis "z" instead of "y"?!

    Just to confirm: an orbital is where you definitely find an electron – 157% certainty? Did I understand correctly?

  18. Aziz Kash says:

    you are a legend my friend.

  19. Kj D says:

    B has 3 electrons . Why did he say B has 5 electrons ?

  20. Prime Gaming says:

    Indian anyone ?

  21. Ayisha Shajahan says:

    thanks a lot

  22. bichun2000 says:

    omg thank you I finally understand this subject!!

  23. Gabriela Vandekraak says:

    better explanation than my professor! THANK YOU

  24. Johnny Aingel says:

    Orbitals like monoatomic gold for example

  25. Yvette Mui says:

    This helped me SO much. Thank you!!!

  26. Karim Diab says:

    You did the world a favor🔥👍🏽

  27. Albert Dennis Nunuhe says:

    What an explanation !!!

  28. Omar Villanueva says:

    Ponga eso en español por fa.

  29. Coalhan says:

    Thank you kind sir, this finally makes sense.

  30. Samim says:

    The best explanation that I came across. Thanks

  31. Iago Lins Cavalcanti says:

    Now I understand. It's all about thermodynamics haha! Great job man!!! Understand it so well now.Thank you so much

  32. Dr. Weak Licks of Crashed & Cursed says:

    Very good video to help your 12 years old son/daughter understand a bit the theory of the "orbitals" (funnily a kind of wrong name).

  33. Amira Jenner says:

    Thank you so much, this was so useful :))

  34. siddarth kasi says:

    This video is a miracle for visual learners. Thank You!

  35. Justin Colby says:

    I fucking love you

  36. Pepper says:

    wish you would have gone over binding and antibinding properties of the stuff but i get that this wouldnt have fit all to well into this video, still really great stuff here, thx a lot

  37. Gabriela Anna K says:

    Can someone explain how this links with the 2,8,8 Energy levels that I've been taught in school. I thought that the 2nd Energy level can hold a maximum of 8 electrons and only the 1st Energy level can hold 2 electrons?

  38. Parikshith VG says:

    Very good explanation

  39. ipotatosenpai says:

    Watched so many videos and asked so many teachers, this one is the only one that actually explained it right. Oof, thanks mate 😀

  40. janam khandelwal says:

    Simply Amazing and very Acerbic🤞

  41. Frédéric Chopin says:

    A BEAUTIFUL explanation!

  42. DEEPA M says:

    Really god bless you

  43. Gulfam Siddiqui says:


  44. Cleopatra Jasmine says:

    If the number in front of the letter reveals which energy level it is (for example 1s is the first and 2s is the second energy level) then why when we get to the p shaped orbitals is it 2p? Why not 1p?

  45. Tural Ahmadov says:

    Thank you, Sir! Extremely helpful

  46. Lia Bevilaqua says:

    Very well explained! Congrats,,

  47. Quang tuan Le says:

    Where s vietnamese ???

  48. luigi ionascu says:

    1s2,,,,2s2_2p6,,,,3s2_3p6,,,,4s2_4p6_3d10 etc etc a atom is generator motor ellectric with stator is nucleus with positive sarcine and rotor is ellectronic with negative sarcine movies around nucleus and lex maxwell rotE=_dB/dt and rotH=J+dD/dt and HrotE–ErotH=div(H*E) and at must relativist lex lorentz_einstein for study equilibrium force from of in inside atom taken generator_ motor _intristing is J vector numeric is valid_value with electronic sarcine single egall courent of conduction_ ____archaicxn lord

  49. Michael Post says:

    Do the inner region s of the p orbitals envelop the nucleus? The p orbitals seem detached from the nucleus unless they encircle the nucleus.

  50. Ian The Real G says:

    I was stuck on this in my textbook for a week, rereading it over and over. Thank you for clearing things up 😄

  51. OAmus says:

    Hello! I wanted you to know that since discovering your channel I've been binge watching a lot of your videos! Everything is explained both thoroughly and very clearly. So many videos out there are completely consumed with trying to have glitzy graphics or are extremely fast paced and "humorous".

  52. Eryn von Husen says:

    Thank you so much for this video, cleared some things up for me

  53. Paul G says:

    why can each "orbital" mode contain 2 electrons ?

  54. Merin says:

    The explanation was so clear, I tried to use it as a reference for my atom vid animation.

  55. Ben Black says:

    Thanks great video!

  56. Rae Rosaria says:

    Best explanation.

  57. Sevda Omerova says:

    I agree with you

  58. Charles Clements says:

    I thought that the shape of the orbitals gave rise to the characteristics of the atoms. I wished that you had gone in to more detail about the higher energy orbitals such as the 'd' and 'f' orbitals.

  59. Johnbenedict Jambalos says:

    I hate reporting

  60. Nicholas Brandt says:

    Your explanation is tremendous. Thanks so much for your help. I look forward to coming to your channel for further chemistry advice throughout my studies.

  61. Enoch Kandiah says:

    this dude is a fckin legend !! THANKS!

  62. Greg Hawkins says:

    Stop calling people by their last names. Call them by their first names.

  63. Mr. Nemesis says:

    Thank you for helping me pass chemistry.

  64. Arya Patil says:

    Thanks a lot
    Now I have a better visualization of an atom

  65. Mr. gakhar says:

    best video ever found on YT

  66. Erwin Orban says:

    Like if your comming from Mr.Mancini's class

  67. Lutfi Andre says:

    thank you so much. you have explained so clearly

  68. Bernabé García Sánchez says:

    So at the end what we know about the electrons is the probably of how much energy they have, how far from the nucleus are and the shape of the space of how probability they are. So, at the end is…all probability?. By the way, is this consider more chemistry or physics?

  69. Reene Otieno says:

    I love the explanation it's really easy to understand

  70. marv hartigan says:

    Thanks for saving my ass bro

  71. Hassan B says:

    I fucking love you

  72. Honor Michel says:

    thats my teacher

  73. X YZ-T says:

    @CrashChemisty: The first two spherical orbits: Do they both go all the way to the center or should no.2. orbit be hollowed out sphere?

  74. pierluigi desimone says:

    I do not understand why NOBODY plots the orbitals indicating the quantic number N

  75. Aiman Jamil says:

    The greatest.. No doubt

  76. Aiman Jamil says:

    Please keep up.. Great work.. great expaliner with great visual

  77. M R says:

    Michael teaches at oxford uni

  78. Unbiased Sports says:

    good video

  79. Stephen Struble says:

    Thanks. In chemistry we did electron configurations and I know how to do it, but I always felt like I was missing something. Now, I'm in physics and I'm trying to understand why electrons like to exist in pairs.

  80. Evi1M4chine says:

    13:07 Wait, so won’t that mean that 3d will be filled before 4s, and the order of the periodic table is misleading?

  81. Айзъик Съехщслинглофф says:

    Yes.. a video i should actually thumbs up

  82. BRIAN HO says:

    Thank you so so much; this video is very efficient and concise, as all science tutorial videos should be.

  83. Hamza Brulic says:

    This is a really good video 😁
    I'm in the 7 grade, but I really love learning about these things. Your explanation is really, really good. But I have question.
    when it comes to 2p orbital, do the orbitals (2px, 2pz, 2py) themselves orbit around the nucleus so they make a full revolution, or are they stationary.

    P.s. i have subscribed to your channel.

  84. Cheese McGee says:

    this is the first time I've actually understood an orbitals video largely because this is the first video where the guy wasn't flexing how big his galaxy ultra mega god brain was.

  85. X8ricted says:

    Can someone please help me.
    The Pb4+ isotope has the following orbitals: 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14
    Where did the 1s2 orbital go? Why does it not fill up its 78 electrons? It only has 66 with this combination. Do they disappear and if so why?

  86. Bebos says:

    Why are u so good at this? Do u know how many lives u saved rn ❤️ Literally im so thankful. Your explanation is the best because ur not fast, you go back to basics and you repeat previous lesson which is awesome. Tysm!!

  87. bladi39901 says:

    god bless you sir. seriously, thank you

  88. Pratham Kshirsagar says:

    U r a grt explainer buddy !

  89. Piano Slayer says:

    OK, so I have a few questions. My understanding is that the Principal Quantum Number represents the energy level of an electron. I've also seen it regularly mentioned that these energy levels are quantized (based on Schrodinger's equation) such that they can only take on discrete values that are integer multiples. Finally, I've heard it said that the distance the electron is from the nucleus corresponds to its energy level. So, if the electrons can be found anywhere in the orbital, doesn't that mean that they would be taking on different energy values?

  90. Pablo Escobar says:

    Anyone got cornell notes to this please let me know I need them today

  91. six Dillon says:

    If they're not orbiting why call that?

  92. s sam says:

    awesome explanation!!!!

  93. muhd faris says:

    thank u

  94. Priyansh Bhatnagar says:

    thank you sir!

  95. Lunshi Tang says:

    Thanks! Amazing explanation

  96. Kimberly Ngala says:

    I feel educated,thanks aloot ❤️

  97. Michael Shparber says:

    Nov 2019

  98. مَريَم says:

    I was having a hard time trying to visualize how orbitals overlap each other with different shapes and energy levels but this vid made it as clear as glass thankkk u genius

  99. Peter Paul David Viray says:

    Can I use this video for school purposes?

  100. chance herring says:

    This is awesome

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *